HST’s new patient portal will have several responses entered by the patient for every visit to the surgical center. Clinicians who use eChart need to perform several workflows to interact with the patient’s data supplied from the patient portal into eChart.
End-to-end product designer responsible for all design process in addition to scoping, gathering design requirements and coordinating with stakeholders at every stage and iteration.
I collaborated in a team of Product Manager, Business Analyst, Engineering lead and developers. Conducted usability tests and feedback sessions with the client representative from the one of our primary customers.
As the designer, I first got an in-depth understanding of the user scenario from the Product Manager, who the end users are and what their goals are. The overall user scenario is illustrated below
Current Scenario: Clinicians or nurses verbally interact with the patients either on phone or in-person during their visit to the surgery center to get their health information and enter in eChart before the surgery.
Envisioned Scenario: The new design is to enable the clinicians validate patient's responses coming from the portal before supplying them into eChart workflows.
Duration: Sept 2017 - Dec 2017
High-level Design Objectives
1) Load patient's responses entered in the portal into eChart.
2) Review and correct the responses from by the patient in the portal.
3) Submit the corrected responses into the main workflow of eChart.
Since nurses form the primary users amongst the clinicians who would be using this experience, it was important to understand the persona. I got the necessary background information to create the persona from in-office employees from nursing background and who have been power users of eChart.
Next,I created a high-level journey map and mapped out all the interaction points across the different stages.
Based on the background information obtained from the Product Manager and the interaction map, I started with some intital wireframes of the whole experience.
Design Approach 1
Existing BLOC module based workflow
Similarity to existing BLOC module-based workflow in eChart
Less development effort - engineers can utilize existing modules
Content overload in a single screen
Design Approach 2
Stage-wise feedback to users on progress
Excessive development effort
Total deviation from existing eChart module-based design
Feedback from Stakeholders and User testing
- Design approach 1 is preferred due to the nurses familiarity on the module-based sequence.
- Consistent with other workflows in eChart.
- Saves a lot on development effort.
Adopted Approach: Design Approach 1
- Data from the portal can be loaded only once as a JSON for the entire workflow and not separately for each module.
- Validated data should be supplied to main workflow as a whole JSON for all modules.
Based on the feedback gathered from the initial wireframes, I got a clear direction by looping in the PM and nurses. Also, involving the engineers early on helped identify technical constraints.
1) All modules now part of a larger module called 'Adjudication/Validation' (For data receiving and submitting as a whole).
2) Now, the user first has to load the data into the workflow just once with the 'Load' button at the top which populates the entire workflow with the patient data (Saves several clicks)
3) For allergies and home medications, patient data is maintained as read-only in it's own table.
Duration: Sept 2017 - Dec 2017
Duration: Sept 2017 - Dec 2017
Feedback from PM and User testing
1) Trouble making visual distinction between the different grid types.
2) Users had trouble understanding the button for pushing data from one grid to another. "It seemed like a 'download' button. I had no idea"that you can copy data".
4) "In the validation table, I need to know the source for reference purposes."
5) "I should be able to know the patient's inputs, their status so far before I can fiddle with their data."
1) Users can only import DoseSpot data if the patient has provided electronic consent. If not, they can call patients to obtain verbal consent and report it on eChart.
Hi-fideltiy Iteration 1
Based on the feedback gathered from the mid-fi stage, I made the following design changes to address the requirements:
Final Hi-fi Design
For the final stage of iteration, all the requirements were met, and it was about improving usability wherever possible. Hence I went forward to conduct a final detailed round of usability testing.
User Testing Results
On testing the entire workflow, the Patient Information, Height/Weight/BMI and Questions Modules were very clear to the participants that they have to tweak the responses once they become editable, however, the problem lied in Allergies and more specifically, the Home Medications modules, since they required a series of tasks to be performed in sequence.
What was causing confusion
Users had difficulty understanding the sequence they need to go through. Even after explaining once, they had difficulty retaining just by looking at the design. Hence, was a serious matter of concern.
In Home Medications module, since the complexity is even more requiring the user to more steps in between, the confusion was greater
Additionally, it wasn't clear to the user that responses from the patient and DosSpot grids can be added to the 'Adjudicated Data' section independently.
Solving the usability issue
To address the issues, I redesigned 3 options of the modules and conducted further testing:
A common 'Add' button for both patient and DoseSpot data
Separate 'Add for Validation' button for patient and DoseSport data
Option 2 + Individual 'Add' buttons for ever row, and an 'Add All' button at the end of grid.
✔ Preferred option
Clearer to the users that data from the 2 grids can be added independently
More intuitive and saved clicks when moving data.
Usability Test Data-logging and Assessment
Complete Flow Illustrated
This feature was released along with HST Surgical Scheduling (Patient Portal) that benefited in multiple ways:
• Accuracy in records is maintained as every response is mapped to a medical term in the database before going into the Patients record. Furthermore, Immediate drug/drug and drug/allergy checking can be done.
• Multiple users can access and chart on a single patient simultaneously with LiveEdit™ technology to visualize and communicate changes made by all users with chart access.
• Clinicians can do their job more efficiently without waiting on someone to release the record.
• Patient safety is improved when clinicians can make immediate procedure or treatment changes.